Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Jaipur, The Pink City is also famous for its forts, palaces and monuments that have truly amazing architecture and glorious history. Jantar Mantar is one of the major attractions for tourists who are willing to know more about the maharajas and their unique interests. Located at the entrance of City Palace, it is the perfect and largest stone observatory in the world. The monument is created in such a tactful way that it tells about the time and seasons very precisely. Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II between 1727 - 1733, who was curious to know about the celestial bodies like Sun, Planets and their movements, eclipses and their effect on the seasons along with the time of the day.
The monument consists of 14 major large stone made geometric structures that serve as instruments for measuring time, positions of sun, moon and other stars. Each formation is called a Yantra used as a tool to predict or calculate some data and provide precise information. The largest Yantra is Samrat Yantra or The Sundial is used to tell the time of the day and forecast the seasons like a monsoon. Other vital devices are Dhruv Yantra for tracking the position of the pole star, Disha Yantra used as a compass, Chakra Yantra, Kranti Yantra, Raj Yantra etc. These massive tools are designed on a large scale to take accurate readings.
The largest observatory was restored in 1901 and was declared a national monument in the year 1948. It is a very informative place for students of Science, astronomy and arts. One can witness scientific aspect of ancient India by visiting Jantar Mantar.