Jim Corbett National Park is a Project Tiger Reserve situated in the Nainital, Uttarakhand. It was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. It is the oldest National Park of India. It is also famous as the first Project Tiger was first launched here in the year 1973. This National Park is a home to more than 650 endangered species of birds and other animals, elephants and four to five species of deer.
It covers an area of about 520 square kilometers, comprising of hills, marshy land, large lake, riverine belts and grasslands. Corbett National Park allows overnight stays to its visitors. To move around within the National Park for watching nature and wildlife, take on a Jeep Safari or an elephant Safari.
Jim Corbett National Park is also enriched with flora. Sal forests cover more than 75% of the total area of the park. It has 600 species of plants including grass, ferns, climbers, herbs, shrubs, trees and bamboos.
Sal, Khair, Sissoo and the only conifer called Chir Pine are found in Corbett. Male Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) can be seen in abundance. Flowering plants like Kachnar (Bauhinia Variegata), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Dhak, Madaar or Indian Coral (Erythrinia indica) and Amaltas (Cassia fistula) along with artificially planted trees likeTeak (Tectona grandis), Silver Oak (Gravillea robusta), Eucalyptus, Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosaefolia) and Bottlebrush (Callistemon viminalis), and can be seen in and around the forest area of Corbett Tiger Reserve. Shrubs like Ber (Zizyphus), Maror Phali (Helicteres isora) and Jhau are also found in Corbett.
The Fauna of Corbett National Park includes a huge list of animals besides Royal Bengal Tigers and Asiatic elephant, which are Asiatic Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Walking Deer, Hog Deer, Sambar, Yellow-throated Marten, Otters and Ghariyal along with aqua fauna such as Golden Oriole, Pallas Fish Eagle, Indian Pitta, Tawny Fish Owl, Scarlet Minivet and species of birds like the Great Pied or hornbill, Orange Breasted Green Pigeon, Hodgson's Bushchat, White-Backed Vulture, and reptile like Ghariyal or Aligator, Mugger or Crocodiles and the King Cobra.
The best time to visit Corbett National Park is from Mid-November to Mid-June.ClimateThe weather remains moderate here with a varying temperature of 5°C to 30°C during the winter and rise up to 40°C during summer. Winter mornings are foggy. Monsoons receive heavy rainfall in Corbett. Safari Timings
Park Entry - 06:30 hours to 17:30 hours; Safaris- 06:30 hours to 09:30 hours and 13:30 hours to 17:30 hours
Corbett National Park offers unmatched options like jeep safari, elephant safari and canter safari for the tourists to begin their adventure wildlife trip into the forest.
Having a trip on an elephant’s back is fashionable and of great fun. The elephant safari starts at Durgadevi gate (north-eastern border) of the reserve and completes at Halduparao (north-western boundary). The charge of elephant safari for Indian is INR 500 / Person and for Foreigner it is INR 1500 / Person. One elephant is allowed to carry only 4 Persons at a time. It covers the Bijrani area. You can take an elephant ride from 6:30 AM - 10:00 AM in the Morning and from 1:30 PM - 5:30 PM in the Evening.
Suggested Tour Package : 9 Days - Elephant Safari Wildlife Tour India
Discover the wilderness and varied species of flora & fauna of Corbett National Park through jeep safari. It is the fast and comfortable mode to explore this area. The charge of jeep safari for Indian is INR 3600 / Jeep and for Foreigner, it is INR 7000 / Jeep. Only 6 persons are allowed in a single Jeep. It covers zones like Bijrani, Sitabani and Jhirna. For Durgadevi the charge differs it is INR 4000 / Jeep. Jeep safari can be enjoyed from 6:30 AM - 10:00 AM in the morning and 1:30 PM - 5:30 PM in the evening.
If you want to explore Dhikala forest or staying in a resort, center safari is the only option. There are two canter safari services in a day- one is from 0600 Hrs (sunrise time) and the other at 1200 Hrs (afternoon). The 05 Hrs extensive ride through canter safari will give immense pleasure. The charge of canter safari for Indian is INR 1500 / Person and for Foreigner it is INR 3000 / Person. The canter has 16 seats and covers Dhikala. Canter safari can be enjoyed from 6:00 AM - 11:30 AM in the morning and from 12:00 PM - 5:30 PM in the Evening.
Ramnagar is a small city, near the Corbett National Park which can be easily accessed through road and rail network from all the major cities of India such as Delhi, Nainital, Moradabad and Bareilly. You can reach the National Park in only half an hour as it is situated at a distance of 15 km from Ramnagar railway station.
Roadways: Ramnagar connects the major cities of India with its amazing road network. As Corbett National Park is situated at a distance of 260 Kilometer from the capital of India, Delhi that is why several buses are operated by the state government of Uttarakhand to connect Delhi, Nainital, Haldawani and Moradabad.
Railways: Ramnagar Railway Station has access to trains from various cities of India like Delhi, Bareilly and Moradabad. There are direct trains from Delhi to Ramnagar which includes Corbett Link Express, Ranikhet Express and Kathgodam Express.
Distance between the Major Cities and Corbett National Park
Have luxurious stay during your wildlife tour to Corbett. Below mentioned are some of the popular resorts and places of retreat :
Here are some incidents that occurred in Corbett National Park which will surprise you.
Corbett National Park area originally belonged to the Kings of Tehri Garhwal. It was their private property before conversion. Garhwal was captured by the Gorkhas in 1804 and was ruled by them for twelve years. But the Gorkhas were driven out by the British in 1920. The British used this forest for timbers. Teak was also grown in the forest. Now the National Park preserves endangered species of Indian Wildlife.
The Park and its surroundings were famous for the exotic wildlife and scenic beauty several years ago. In the 19th century, under the guidance of Major Ramsay, the project to save the famous regions of the forests started. This British officer was appointed as the In-charge of that area during that particular time. The first step to preserve this area was taken in the year 1868. These forests were converted into Reserved Forest Area in 1879 and only limited felling was permitted.
In the earlier part of 1900, the ideation behind the setting up of a National Park was suggested by the British like E.R. Stevans and E.A. Smythies. Therefore, in 1907 the British Administration took initiative for establishing an entertainment reserve. Under the supervision of Sir Edward Jim Corbett, the process of separating the well known areas started in the year 1930, as he was familiar with the place.
In 1935, under the governor of the province, Sir Macolm Hailey, the act of National Park came into effect. It was the first National Park in Asia and was formerly known as Hailey National Park. After the independence, during the period of 1952 to 1957, the park was named as Ramganga National Park. It was again renamed as Jim Corbett National Park as a tribute to Sir Edward Jim Corbett, in the year 1956. Hunting was forbidden in the area and permission was granted for cutting of timbers for domestic use only.
The year 1973 added another golden day in the history of Corbett when Corbett National Park became India's first Tiger Reserve and was regarded as the launch pad for protecting tigers in India.