Himachal Pradesh is a large state nestled amidst the snow - topped Himalaya mountains spread over vast jungles, thick forested valleys,, and amazing water bodies. All these preserve a great deal of wildlife habitation.
The lush scenes of Himachal Pradesh are honored with a portion of the imperiled and endangered species of mammals, rare migratory fowl and reptiles alike. The vegetation phenomenon likewise shrouds ample novel verdure that are blessed with natural medicinal worth. These marvels of nature are saved and ensured inside regions that are recognized as Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks in Himachal Pradesh.
Here, we will cover the 5 top National Parks in Himachal Pradesh. Whenever you tour the Himalayan regions or surrounding areas in this Northern State in India make sure to wander these national parks to observe the natural beauty and rich biodiversity of this place.
1. The Pin Valley National Park
Situated at a peak elevation of over 3500 - 6000 meters or 11500 feet, the National Park of Himachal is nestled between the picturesque Spiti Valley and Lahaul regions.
The Pin Valley National Park has hilly green slopes in a lush velvety look from afar off. It is close to the Tibetan border extending close to the Dhankar Gompa. It was established in 1987 and falls in the Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve of the Himalayan Region. There are also snow covered areas here and only vegetation found so far are Himalayan Cedar groves and the Alpine Trees in addition to few plant species with medicinal value.
Type of Species:
- Snow Leopard
- Siberian Ibex
- Himalayan snow cock
- Chukar Partridge
- Snow Partridge
- Snow finch
2. Khirganga National Park
Situated at a distance of just 50 + kilometers Kullu Manali Airport, Himachal Pradesh it runs over 270 square miles (710 sq. km) of the River Parvati near Kullu. Established in the year 2010 it borders the Great Himalayan National Park to the north and is said to soon become as one. The visit to this Khirganga National Park that is at an elevation of 5500 meters is combined with the famous Kheerganga Trek with most tourists. The type of species found here are mostly wild bears.
3. Simbalbara National Park
The protected area of Himachal Pradesh was established in the year 1958 as Simbalbara wildlife Sanctuary in the Paonta Valley of Sirmour District. In the year 2010 it got the title Simbalbara National Park and spread over a region of over 27 sq kilometers with dense Sal trees and green shrubs growing with a smaller stream within its border. Walk through the walking trails in the close forest region to find many wildlife species here.
Type of Species:
- Spotted Deer, Chittal
- Goral, Sambhar
- Himalayan black bear
- Hanuman langurs
- Indian muntjacs
4. Inderkilla National Park
This is one of the naturally preserved National Parks in Himachal Pradesh. It was established in the year 2010 and spreads over 100 square kilometers in area. Situated close to the Kullu Manali Airport, Himachal Pradesh you can find a number of flora and fauna in this picturesque region. There are many endangered species found here including mammals, plants, and even insects in this hilly region of the dense forests.
In addition to spotting rare species in their natural habitat, you can also find great medicinal herbs too. There are over 200 rare bird species in this pristine place that looks like where the earth meets the skies. You can find the common leopard in addition to various mountain goats, Ibex, and the mountain deer too.
5. The Great Himalayan National Park
This is one of the most famous National Parks in Himachal Pradesh. It is accredited by UNESCO World Heritage Site due to the rich biodiversity and wildlife conservation. There are countless herbs with medicinal value and flora found here. It is situated in Banjaar, a sub - division of Kullu district and was earlier introduced in 1984 but was titled National Park only in the year 1999.
The wildlife reserve borders the far western Himalayan ranges and is home to over 200 species of birds, over 30 mammals in addition to reptiles, amphibians, and insects too. There is also the cute little Indian Pika, small mongoose, the Rhesus monkey and many others.
Type of Species:
- Greater Blue Sheep
- Himalayan Black Bear
- Red Fox
- Himalayan Brown Bear
- Rufous - Gorgeted Flycatcher
- Plum - Headed Parakeet
- Black - Chinned Babbler
- Crimson Sunbird
- Grey - Hooded Warbler