Bhutan is a tiny country nestled in the Himalayas. It is enclosed by the countries like India and China. It is a unique Buddhist country and is considered as the last Buddhist Kingdom. It is famous for its rich culture and uncontaminated environment.
Bhutan is a land of monasteries, fortresses and geographical diversities like steep mountains, subtropical plains and valleys. Its spectacular natural scenery attracts visitors from various parts of the world. Bhutan is known for maintaining unity through its rich tradition. Every aspect of Bhutanese lifestyle reflects the teachings of Buddhism.
Bhutan has been reckoned as the "The Last Shangrila" because of its untouched environment and harmonized society. This fertile land has less population and crystal clear atmosphere.
Hydroelectric power, agriculture and tourism are the major sources of income for the kingdom of Bhutan.
Since 7th century, the historical records of Bhutan began with the entrance of Buddhism, when monasteries were established by the Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) after visiting Bhutan. The prehistory of this kingdom is not much known. It is said that the first human was appeared after the Ice Age.
Climate of Bhutan
Bhutan’s weather varies from region to region based on its altitude. The north of Bhutan constantly remains covered with snow where it share borders with Tibet. The eastern, western and central Bhutan enjoys weather similar to Europe.
Bhutan experiences winter from November to March. Being located in a lower valley, Punakha’s summer remains hot and winter remains pleasant. South of Bhutan shares its border with India and so it enjoys hot, humid and a sub-tropical climate.
But when the monsoon enters northern India it does not have similar impact in Bhutan. It has wet summer months with secluded showers mostly in the evenings hours. Winter in Bhutan remains dry, whereas, spring and autumn are the pleasant period of that region.
In the mountainous regions with high altitude, the average temperature remain 0°C in winter and in summer, it rises up to 10°C with an average rainfall of 350mm of. Rainfall varies from region to region on the basis of elevation.
Popular Cities of Bhutan
The villages of Bhutan are really very notable and the towns are distinguished by their useful and concrete structures. The exceptional places are Trashiyangtse and Trashigang. The major destinations of Bhutan are mentioned below:
- Thimphu: The capital of Bhutan
- Mongar: East Bhutan’s largest town
- Punakha: Former capital of Bhutan in winter
- Paro: Houses Taktsang Monastery and the international airport
- Jakar (Bumthang): The birthplace of Buddhism in Bhutan. It is also known as an administrative town.
- Trashigang: Beautiful administrative town of east Bhutan
- Phuentsholing: Access point for visitors from West Bengal. Bordering town of India.
- Samdrup Jongkhar: Access point of travelers from Assam. Administrative town of southeast Bhutan.
- Trongsa: Small administrative town. The town is famous for its dzong and the Tower of Trongsa
Wildlife of Bhutan
Bhutan is known for its exotic wildlife. Following are some of the well-known National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries that make major tourist attractions.
- Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park
- Jigme Dorji National Park
- Thrumshingla National Park
- Royal Manas National Park
- Bomdeling Wildlife Sanctuary
- Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary
- Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary
- Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary
- Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve
Access to Bhutan
Bhutan has some unique rules for its visitors. It is mandatory for the tourists to get their visa before entering Bhutan. The Tourism Council of Bhutan will issue visas once the full payment of your holiday is received. The Council keeps the money until you complete your tour within the country and before making payment to the local tour operator. For more information click here
Note: Smoking in public areas is an offence and punished with fines. Therefore, keep in mind not to smoke publicly. If possible do not smoke at all.