Shimla is a beautiful city located in the state of Himachal Pradesh and is sometimes even know to be the queen of hills. The history of Shimla dates back forms the 1800s during the British colonial rule in India. The city of Shimla is located in currently Himachal Pradesh which lies on the base of Himalayan mountain ranges.
The Himalayan mountain range is a strip of mountains that have some highest peaks in the world and are located in the south Asia. This range usually acts as the border for India, China and Nepal. Some of the most prominent rivers also flow from these ranges and a lot of rivers can be seen flowing through Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
During the early 1800 Shimla was a dense forest area in the mountains with a temple and few scattered house. However, the weather in Shimla was far too nice to not settle and hence in 1819 the British government took the imitative to build a station at the hill. The beauty of the place was god gifted and till the date, Shimla is known as the heaven on Earth. Shimla comes from the word goddess Shyamala Devi. The temple for same name was located on the top of Jhaku hill and was sometimes knows as the Jhaku temple.
The peace in Shimla was disrupted by the Anglo-Gurkha war in the 19th century. The war held close to Shimla and resulted in several deaths and some infectious disease which followed up later. After series of events and struggle over the following years, Gurkhas lost, and Maharaj of Patiala established supremacy through treaty over the land of Shimla.
Still to the date there are several forts that have been built by the British and the local authorities alike. In the year 1864, the British announced Shimla as the summer capital of the world.
Post-independence Shimla lies on the border with the state of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh and hence was named as the capital of Punjab initially. But in year 1966, it was removed as the capital of Punjab and made the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Till date it has any people that come to Shimla to celebrate their holidays. It is rightfully the best place to spend time in summers as it has the most pleasing climate and offers tourist the chance to do various activities like trekking, river rafting and exploring.