If we go by numbers then there are a total of monuments in Varanasi recognized by Archeological Survey of India. However, there are lesser number which are actually visited by tourists because of their present condition.
The list includes names like Dhamek Stupa Paraipur, graves of European officers, Observatory of Mansingh, Tablet on treasury building, Victoria memorial, Tomb of Lal Khan and so on. Not to be missed list includes:
1. Dhamek Stupa
It’s a impressive stupa where Lord Buddha gave his first sermon after achieving enlightenment. It beauty lies in geometric carvings of 5th century AD while some of them are of 200 BC. Near the stupa is the original Ashokan Pillar of 3rd century with original edict on it. It’s basically in Sarnath.
2. Chaukhatendi Stupa
This dates back to 5th century AD representing the first place where Lord Buddha met his first disciples. It’s open from dawn and closes by 04:00 p.m.
3. Mulgandha Kuti Vihar
It’s a place constructed by Buddhist clan and its here where Buddha’s first sermon is chanted here every morning. There is also a Buddha Tree which was transplanted in the year 1931 from the tree Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, which is thought to be the original tree under which Buddha achieved enlightenment.
4. Mahaparinirvana Temple
It’s a modest temple built in 1927, filled with huge lawns, serene 5th century reclining Buddha 6 meter long . Behind the temple is a 19 meter tall stupa and a large bell erected by Dalai Lama himself.
5. Wat Thai Complex
It’s a beautiful place with flower filled garden, a monastery and a temple with lots of bonsai – style trees. It’s a good place to stay in if you book in advance.
6. Matha Kuar Temple
It’s the place where Lord Buddha is said to have made his last sermon. Today it has a 3 meter – tall blue stone Buddha Statue from 10th century.